Each of these drawings was executed on a thin sheet of oxidized copper, primarily by piercing lines of tiny holes, which are illuminated from behind by a light bulb enclosed in a box-like wooden armature. My focus on drawing arose from a focus on line drawing from diverse sources, from the works on paper on Klee and Matisse, the subway drawings of Haring, the 3-d work of Calder, and the engraved lines of Native petroglyphs. In the series Nocturne the piercing of holes in copper as well as the scratching and sanding of the surface of the copper embody the gesture in a very manual, physical sense. I see these illuminated drawings as an "arte povera" answer to Duratrans, a celebration of manual process in the face of technological practice.